Stretch Marks

Stretch marks are narrow streaks or lines that occur on the surface of the skin.

Doctors often refer to stretch marks as stria, striae or – during pregnancy – striae gravidarum.

Stretch marks are often red or purple to start with, before gradually fading to a silvery-white colour. They’re usually long and thin.

Where stretch marks occur

Stretch marks can occur anywhere where the skin has been stretched, but they usually affect areas where fat is stored, such as the:

  • tummy (abdomen)
  • breasts
  • upper arms
  • buttocks
  • thighs
  • shoulders (in bodybuilders)

Sometimes, particularly in teenage boys, stretch marks can develop on the back, overlying the spine horizontally (like the rungs on a ladder).

When stretch marks occur

Stretch marks often occur:

  • during pregnancy
  • after rapid weight gain
  • during puberty
  • if you have a family history of stretch marks
  • if you have an underlying health condition or a syndrome, such as Cushing’s syndrome or Marfan syndrome
  • after the prolonged or inappropriate use of corticosteroid medication

These are discussed in more detail below.

Pregnancy

Stretch marks often occur during the later stages of pregnancy, affecting about 8 out of 10 pregnant women. Whether or not you’ll get stretch marks depends on your skin type and how elastic it is.

During pregnancy, hormones are produced that soften the ligaments in your pelvis so they’re more flexible when you give birth. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect joints. However, the hormones also soften the fibres in your skin, making it prone to stretch marks.

As your baby grows and your skin stretches, you may get stretch marks on your tummy. You may also develop them on your thighs and breasts as they get bigger.

Stretch marks usually fade and become less noticeable after childbirth, but they don’t always disappear completely.

Rapid weight gain

You may get stretch marks if you put on a lot of weight over a short period of time. They sometimes remain even after losing weight, but should eventually fade.

Regular dieting can cause stretch marks as your weight goes up and down. If you need to lose weight, lose it slowly and steadily so that your skin isn’t put under strain. Read more about how to lose weight safely.

Bodybuilders and athletes can also get stretch marks as their muscles increase in size.

Puberty

During puberty, the body often develops very quickly in growth spurts.

Boys may get stretch marks on their shoulders and back, and girls may get them on their hips, thighs and breasts.

Family history

If you have a close relative with stretch marks, such as your mother, you’re more likely to develop them yourself.

Although stretch marks can affect both male and female family members, they’re more common in women.

Underlying health conditions

Stretch marks can sometimes be related to rare conditions or syndromes, such as Cushing’s syndrome and Marfan syndrome.

Cushing’s syndrome occurs when the body overproduces the hormone cortisol, which is thought to cause stretch marks.

Marfan syndrome is caused by a faulty gene that weakens the body’s skin and connective tissues, reducing their elasticity (ability to stretch). This means the skin isn’t as resistant to stretch marks as it should be.

In Marfan syndrome, stretch marks can occur on the shoulders, hips and lower back.

Corticosteroids

In rare cases, stretch marks can develop after prolonged or inappropriate use of corticosteroids, such as creams or lotions used to treat skin conditions, including eczema.

Corticosteroids work in a similar way to the hormone cortisol. They can help ease inflammatory skin conditions but, like cortisol, they can also reduce the amount of collagen in your skin.

Collagen is a protein that helps keep your skin stretchy. The less collagen there is in your skin, the more likely you are to develop stretch marks.

When using a corticosteroid cream or lotion, follow the manufacturer’s instructions about how and where to apply it. The face, groin and armpits are particularly sensitive areas. Ask your GP or pharmacist for advice if you’re unsure.

How stretch marks develop

Before stretch marks appear, the affected skin will become thin, flattened and pink, and may feel itchy.

The stretch marks themselves appear as red or purple streaks or lines, but can be pink, reddish-brown or dark brown, depending on your skin colour.

They can occur in patches of parallel lines on your body and often appear “scar-like”. To start with, the lines will be slightly raised and may feel wrinkly, before eventually flattening out.

As the lines become flatter, they’ll start to fade and change to a white or silvery colour. They’ll usually become less noticeable over time, although this process can sometimes take years.

What causes stretch marks?

Steroids based creams

Stretch marks are caused when the skin rapidly stretches as a result of sudden growth or weight gain.

The stretching causes the middle layer of skin (dermis) to tear, allowing the deeper skin layers to show through, forming stretch marks.

The dermis contains strong, inter-connected fibres that allow your skin to stretch as your body grows. However, rapid growth can cause the skin to over-stretch and break the fibres.

The tears in the dermis allow the blood vessels below to show through, which is why stretch marks are often red or purple when they first appear.

When the blood vessels eventually contract (get smaller), the pale-coloured fat underneath your skin will be visible, and your stretch marks will change to a silvery-white colour.

How To Treat stretch marks

Most stretch marks aren’t particularly noticeable and will fade over time. Treatment requires patience.

If you have unsightly stretch marks, or if they affect a large area of your body, there are a few treatment options available. However, there isn’t much evidence to show that these treatments work.

Regular exfoliation with our coffee scrub. ( Use 3 times a week for best results combine with our stretch mark cream or oil )

Our stretch mark cream ( rub on skin 1-2 times aday results from 6 weeks of use)

Argan oil ( rub on skin 3-5 times aday results from 3 months of use.)

 

Children Hair Care

Our Haircare Range is safe enough to use on children from 6month

Your daughter is NOT her hair. Start from within.

While I  disagree with putting relaxers, excessive heat or extensions in young girls hair, many mom’s opt for these measures because they simply want their babies to feel “pretty”. Long, straight hair should not be the standard at which your baby girl identifies her personal beauty, especially if her tresses  are naturally curly or kinky. If you’re substituting extensions in the place of short or slow growing hair for vanity purposes for your baby, you may be unknowingly subjecting your future Queen to relying on artificial means of achieving a standard of beauty that is not her own. This may sound so cliche, but beauty starts from within. When I was a kid, there were not many images of pretty black girls with natural hair. Presently, there are so many positive images of cute lil kinky haired kids! Show your daughter that there are other little girls who look just like her. Buy her dolls in her own image. Be the example for her! Encourage her and reassure her. Dealing with short, balding or slow growing hair may be the first great opportunity for you to teach your daughter about adversity, discomfort, patience and accepting her differences!

Infant Hair

Your Infant begins growing hair while she is still in the womb. Between birth and 6 months, she probably will lose most of the hair she was born with. Some of it may fall out in patches from rubbing because baby hair falls out more easily than adult hair. This hair loss is normal, and the hair will grow back over the next few weeks or months. Naturally, you may be worried and wonder if your child’s hair growth is normal. Some infants take longer then others to regrow their hair. To help control infant hair loss you need to start using healthy hair products on her. We have some natural hair products on our website that can help with infant hair problems.

Abnormal Hair Growth

If your child’s hair is bald in patches and the bald skin is scaly, she may have ringworm. Ringworm isn’t actually caused by a worm; it is caused by a fungal infection. Alternately, some children have rare genetic disorders that can cause abnormal hair growth. You or your partner may not suffer from the condition, but you may be carriers of the genes that cause abnormal hair growth. Your pediatrician can help determine if your child’s hair growth is abnormal.

Treatment

There is no over-the-counter treatment for slow hair growth in infants. Most pediatricians recommend that you allow nature to take its course and let the hair grow in at its own rate. However, if your baby has ringworm, your pediatrician may recommend an anti-fungal treatment and suggest ways to ensure that the ringworm doesn’t spread over other areas of her body or to other family members. A genetic disorder is more rare, and the treatment, if any exists, varies according to the condition that is causing it.

Quick Tips

Stimulate Growth by massaging your daughter’s scalp – Massage using the “checkmark” method. Spread your fingers, and then place your fingertips on the scalp. Avoid using fingernails to prevent breaking hair strands or damaging the scalp. Keeping finger tips on the scalp at all times, extend and contract the fingers two to three times; similar to the shape of a checkmark. Move fingers around the scalp, covering all areas. Do a standard massage method by spreading the fingers, and then placing the fingertips on the scalp. Use slow, gentle movements to move fingertips in a circular motion, alternating fingertips around different areas of the scalp.  Peppermint oil is also an worthy investment. It stimulates hair follicles and promotes hair growth!. We have some oil that are made of natural ingredient that can be used for this.

Our Haircare Range is safe enough to use on children from 6month

Evie Skincare Haircare Range

 

As with anything a little of these oils go a long way. Do this 3 times a week or every other day paying attention to where there patches.

Do not use heavy grease – Back in the day, my mom would grease my scalp. I remember my head cooking when I’d go outside to play in the Tennessee sun! Aside from the discomfort, “greasing the scalp” can be chalked up to Black tradition. [FUN FACT: Slaves used heavy grease to protect their hair from insects.] It may clog the pores and there are much healthier ways to keep the hair moisturized than schlepping a gob of Dax or Blue Magic on your daughter’s hair. For years I used products containing mineral oil to coat my strands. Many manufacturers use mineral oil in a majority of products that contain synthetic ingredients because of its behaviour as a preservative. Mineral oil is the result of the distillation of petroleum which acts as a saran wrap against your scalp, slowing down one of the skin’s main job which is to eliminate toxins. On the other hand natural oils are easily absorbed by the skin. Your hair may very well grow, but there are for more ideal options.

 MOISTURIZE! 

African American hair will chip, snap, pop and break off with ease. You can combat the natural tendency of the hair by keeping it moisturized. As a best practice, Vitamin E oil and Coconut Oil are the Holy Grails of moisturizers for Black hair of any maturity level. Feeding your daughter’s tresses with product that will keep it moisturized is key to keeping the hair healthy. Depending on your daughter’s hair type apply moisture 3-4 times weekly. I know some overachieving moms that moisturize daily though! If your daughter’s hair is 4 a/b/c kinky/coily, the you should definitely be one of those moms. We have great moisturizers on our website you can try i use these personally on my daughter and they work. Just check out our kids hair care section (https://www.evieskincareltd.com/haircare-18-c.asp) You can always contact us if you need help choosing a good product.

Don’t shampoo too often Given your daughter’s hair is healthy and she has no condition that calls for special shampoo, it is not necessary to frequently shampoo (i.e. Psoriasis, ringworm, excessive dandruff, eczema, alopecia). (https://www.evieskincareltd.com/haircare-18-c.asp 

Avoid perms and heat As a general rule, we have learned not to perm our daughter’s hair, not even with no-lye relaxers that claim to be especially formulated for her hair. There are no circumstances in which you should relax a toddler’s hair. Heat is also to be avoided. If conditions permit, allow the hair to air dry after it’s washed. If blowdrying is unavoidable, then do so infrequently and always use a Heat Protectant Spray. Why not use african threading as a way to stretch the hair. Here a little video on how it done.

The Importance of Exfoliation Skin

Exfoliation removes the barrier of dead skin cells clogging the skin and uncovers fresh new cells below. This opens the way for moisturizing products to penetrate more deeply into the skin, which makes them more effective. In short, a regular exfoliating routine will leave your skin looking fresh and healthy.

 

The benefits of exfoliating.

Exfoliate your face regularly to get rid of buildup and have a fresh, glowing appearance. You can get the same benefits for the body when you exfoliate the rest of your skin.

You may wonder: is it really necessary?

Turns out that your body needs exfoliating just as much as your face.

Without regular exfoliation, you can end up with clogged pores, which block moisture from getting into the deeper layers, and creating a hard, unattractive exterior.

So to have the healthiest and smoothest skin possible, exfoliating is key.

Here are some benefits you can get from exfoliating skin on the body about two-to-four times a week:

  • Enjoy smoother skin
  • Reduce the chance of an occasional breakout on your neck, face or back
  • Help reduce the appearance of dark spots or age spots
  • Minimize the appearance of large pores
  • Get smoother elbows and knees
  • Allow your moisturizer to work better
  • Help prevent ingrown hairs and make hair removal easier

How often should you exfoliate your skin

Two to three times a week for normal and combination skin, and once a week for sensitive skin

 

Products to use 

Our Coffee Scrub

Exfoliating face & body scrub turmeric 300ml

Dark Knuckles

 

 

 

Having dark knuckles can be a difficult thing to deal with for women of colour. It could be that you have them naturally or they could have been induced either by bleaching, excessive tanning, exposure to extreme/hazardous washing agents etc.

I usually get questions on how to fix this

Treating Dark knuckles require patience, it can take from 6 weeks to 3 months for knuckle to completely clear.

 

How to treat knuckles

Natural ways to treat knuckles

1, Our knuckle products. Results from 4 weeks to 8 weeks. For knuckles to clear fast you need to follow instructions that comes with the product.

products from our skincare range that can clear knuckles.

knuckle cream 

knuckle eraser set

glutathione & collagen 30 softgels

herbal extra whitening soap

1. Revitalizing lotion. Use a Q-tip, dab it in the lotion and apply it on your dark knuckles. Be sure to lay on a thick layer of the lotion and ensure it gets absorbed into the skin. After the 5-minute mark, clean it off or rub it in.

2.  Another great way to moisturize your dark knuckles is to use raw shea butter. First take a scoop of the butter and smother your hands and feet with it. Be sure to use this on your feet as well. Shea butter has properties that help even skin tone and moisturize the skin and will work well in reducing the darkness on your knuckles.

3. If it is severe, for the first week, after applying the Shea butter, wear disposable non-sterile powder free vinyl medical examination gloves on your hands and sleep over night with it. This will help lock in moisture to begin the peeling process. Then wash your hands with a mild scrub in the mornings.

4. For the feet, apply shea butter and then wrap your feet. The heat generated from the closure of the bag will help with peeling the skin fast. Do this every night for 1 week.

5. If it is not severe, then simply wear a cotton glove for your hands and a pair of cotton socks for your feet for about two weeks.

6. Using a scrub or skin polish as well is great for dark knuckles. Scrub the dark areas 2-3 times a week to help exfoliate the skin and reduce hyper-pigmentation.